Ukraine is seeing an exodus of foreign students, and revenue | Business and Economy News

Bengaluru, India – A drumbeat of explosions performed out within the background as Azam Hassan defined over the telephone how he felt like he was dwelling the lyrics of the Eagles basic, Lodge California. “It’s just like the track goes,” he mentioned. “You’ll be able to try any time you need, however you’ll be able to by no means go away.”

The 23-year-old from Morocco is a pupil at Kharkiv Nationwide Medical College, a crown jewel amongst Ukraine’s greater instructional establishments that in recent times have confirmed a magnet for abroad college students – particularly of drugs – due to aggressive advertising and low charges. However Kharkiv, the nation’s second-biggest metropolis, is now witnessing among the most intense battles between Ukraine’s troopers and invading Russian forces.

Hassan has twice tried to flee from the struggle zone on buses organized by native operators, just for the automobiles to be ordered again. The highways outdoors Kharkiv are too harmful for journey amid Russian bombardment, the Ukrainian army informed these making an attempt to depart.

So Hassan sat huddled with lots of of different overseas college students within the metropolis’s underground metro, which is doubling as a bomb shelter, as he spoke to Al Jazeera. He doesn’t know when he’ll be capable to get out of Ukraine and get again to his household in Fez. However he’s clear about one factor. “No matter occurs, I’m not coming again,” he mentioned.

Vital income

Ukraine’s sovereignty is at stake. But even when the nation’s resistance manages to carry off the Russian assault, an essential financial engine would possibly battle to get better: Higher recognized for its export of wheat and corn, this nation additionally earns important income from overseas college students.

In actual fact, worldwide college students contribute a better chunk of Ukraine’s GDP than they do America’s, although the US is the world’s prime vacation spot for overseas schooling. Based on the Ukrainian authorities, 76,548 worldwide college students from 155 nations are enrolled on the nation’s universities. India sends greater than 18,000 – or practically 1 / 4 – of these college students, adopted by Morocco, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan, Nigeria, China and Turkey.

Analysis by Ukraine’s ministry of schooling and science in late 2020 confirmed that worldwide college students on common every spend greater than $7,000 a yr. Which means the at present enrolled overseas college students deliver $542m in income to the nation – which has a GDP of $155bn – or greater than $3 of each $1,000. By comparability, worldwide college students contributed $28.4bn to the US economic system of $21 trillion in 2020-2021 – or lower than $1.5 of each $1,000.

INTERACTIVE UKRAINE International STUDENTS

However with the struggle intensifying, many countries have requested their college students to depart the nation. Others will not be ready for official authorities recommendation. With college students fleeing, Ukraine dangers bleeding this income, mentioned Anatoly Oleksiyenko, director of Hong Kong College’s Comparative Training Analysis Centre and a number one Ukrainian scholar on post-Soviet schooling methods, in an interview with Al Jazeera. To mitigate these losses, he mentioned, the nation’s universities should adapt quick “to maneuver the educational processes on-line, and make the entire instructional admissions, participation and progress extra versatile.”

That’s attainable, as many Ukrainian universities already made the shift to hybrid lessons in the course of the pandemic, Oleksiyenko identified. However Ukrainian authorities information means that tuition charges represent lower than half of the income the nation earns from overseas college students. The remaining – what college students spend whereas in Ukraine – won’t be recovered by means of distant lessons. There are additionally sensible limitations to instructing medication on-line. “How will we observe surgical procedure on-line, sitting at dwelling far-off from our college labs?” requested Hassan.

Certainly, the low charges are a serious draw for worldwide college students, mentioned Yukti Belwal, co-founder of BookMyUniversity, an Indian schooling consulting agency that has helped ship dozens of scholars to Ukraine. The annual price in a prime Ukrainian medical college, about $4,000, is lower than half of what a comparable non-public college in India or the US would cost. “Among the greatest universities of the previous Soviet Union are in Ukraine,” Belwal informed Al Jazeera. “And so they’re inexpensive.”

However Ukraine’s success in attracting college students, particularly from growing nations, is just not solely about low-cost schooling. Over the previous three years, the nation has made a concerted effort to advertise its universities overseas, mentioned Oleksiyenko, organising the Ukrainian State Centre for Worldwide Training, tasked with attracting overseas college students.

“The Ukrainian authorities took a proactive strategy,” Oleksiyenko mentioned. “The best way they approached it – to determine it as an enterprise quite than a cultural entity – signifies that the federal government was pursuing the income technology technique significantly.”

Ukrainian college deans have been visiting India and different main supply international locations in recent times, making an attempt to nudge potential college students in the direction of their medical colleges, mentioned Belwal.

‘Dying in school’

Now these positive aspects may unravel. Whereas Ukraine’s economic system as an entire has taken successful, its greater schooling sector is especially weak – partly due to geography. Most of the nation’s prime universities – the VN Karazin Kharkiv Nationwide College and the Kharkiv Nationwide Medical College are the most well-liked amongst overseas college students – are in jap Ukraine, which has borne the brunt of Russia’s invasion. “The opportunity of dying in school is the very last thing in your thoughts once you apply to a college,” Vishnu Mohan, an Indian pupil caught in Kharkiv, informed Al Jazeera, including that he didn’t suppose it probably that he would return if he managed to get out safely.

As international locations like India struggled to evacuate their residents, movies of harrowing experiences – college students begging their authorities for assist or getting thrashed on the Ukraine-Poland border – have gone viral on social media. Households contemplating sending their youngsters overseas for research won’t neglect that simply.

Belwal, who’s at present in Georgia, mentioned her telephone has been ringing nonstop. “Mother and father are so determined, so anxious about their youngsters,” she mentioned. She organised two chartered planes to get college students out of Ukraine earlier than the nation closed its airspace to civilian plane final week. The Indian authorities, she mentioned, was merely not doing sufficient to assist college students. “They have been too late to reply, after which too gradual,” she mentioned.

To make certain, Ukraine and its greater schooling business will not be completely unfamiliar with crises. In 2014, Russia’s annexation of Crimea led to a lack of income from universities in that area.

Overseas college students in different elements of Ukraine have been involved too, mentioned Belwal, although they have been quickly reassured as a result of the remainder of the nation stayed peaceable.

This time, there isn’t any peace anyplace in Ukraine. Universities don’t know what the longer term holds for them or their nation. Some specialists stay optimistic that, ultimately, Ukraine will as soon as once more regain its spot as a well-liked vacation spot for overseas college students.

Its universities may additionally try to diversify their market by partnering with American and European establishments for joint levels and packages, Oleksiyenko mentioned.

However none of that may change Hassan’s thoughts, he insisted. He has already checked out, and is just ready to depart. For good.

Russia’s invasion of Ukraine: List of key events from day six | Russia-Ukraine crisis News

Because the Russia-Ukraine battle enters its sixth day, we check out the key developments.

Russia is urgent on with its invasion of Ukraine, defying mounting world stress that noticed a battle crimes probe opened in opposition to it and sanctions smash its economic system.

Greater than 350 civilians, together with 14 youngsters, have been killed in the course of the invasion, in accordance with Ukraine’s authorities, whereas greater than half 1,000,000 individuals have fled the nation.

Beneath are the important thing moments from Tuesday, March 1, the sixth day of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine:

Kyiv braces

  • Satellite tv for pc photographs confirmed an unlimited army column amassing simply north of Ukraine’s capital, Kyiv, the place residents are braced for a Russian assault.

Russians attain Kherson

  • Russian forces reached the southern metropolis of Kherson close to Moscow-controlled Crimea, organising checkpoints on its outskirts, its mayor stated. Moscow claimed to have besieged the town two days in the past.

Dozens of Ukrainian troopers killed

  • A Ukrainian official stated a Russian artillery assault on a army unit in Okhtyrka, a metropolis between Kharkiv and Kyiv, killed no less than 70 Ukrainian troopers on Monday.

Air-raid alerts in Kharkiv and different cities

  • The Kyiv Unbiased, a Ukrainian information outlet, is reporting air-raid sirens in Kyiv, Kharkiv and different cities, together with Vinnytsia, Uman and Cherkasy.

Turkey blocks warships

No breakthrough at talks

  • Negotiators from Ukraine and Russia ended the primary spherical of talks with no breakthrough. Each side comply with conduct a second spherical “quickly”.

Nuclear worry

  • The top of the United Nations atomic power watchdog, the IAEA, expressed “grave concern” that invading Russian troops are working near Ukraine’s largest nuclear energy station close to Zaporizhzhia.

Rouble crashes

  • Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered emergency capital controls and compelled exporters to purchase roubles to prop up the foreign money, which fell by greater than 30 per cent in the beginning of commerce on Monday in opposition to the US greenback.

Ukraine says Starlink tools has arrived

  • Ukraine’s minister of digital transformation stated tools to make use of SpaceX’s Starlink satellite tv for pc web service has arrived in his nation.

No Hollywood movies

  • Disney and Sony Footage stopped the discharge of their movies in Russian cinemas due to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.

Mastercard blocks a number of monetary establishments

  • Mastercard blocked a number of monetary establishments from its fee community because of sanctions imposed on Russia over its invasion of Ukraine.

You may learn key moments from Day 5 right here

‘Don’t want my family killed’: Ukrainian civilians ready to fight | Russia-Ukraine crisis News

As Russian troops transfer additional into Ukraine, many civilians in Zaporizhzhia are volunteering to to assist Ukrainian armed forces.

By the aspect of a highway in Zaporizhzhia, a metropolis in Ukraine’s east, males of all ages and backgrounds assist to construct a makeshift barricade.

As Russian troops transfer additional into Ukraine, civilians have been volunteering to assist combat alongside Ukrainian troopers, the tempo extra pressing since the Ukrainian military mentioned Russian tank columns are lower than 40km (25 miles) away.

“We didn’t invade them; they invaded us,” one volunteer instructed Al Jazeera. “He took Crimea, then he took Donbas, now he’s come to our metropolis.”

Tuesday marks the sixth day since Russia launched a full-scale invasion of Ukraine. On Monday, Ukraine’s well being ministry mentioned 352 civilians have been killed up to now, together with 14 youngsters.

In line with the United Nations, greater than 520,000 individuals have fled the nation because the invasion started on February 24.

Reporting from the outskirts of Zaporizhzhia, Al Jazeera’s Charles Stratford mentioned there was a “rising variety of checkpoints” bobbing up across the metropolis. Volunteers have been overlooking these from positions hidden within the timber, as others moved tools alongside freshly dug trenches.

“I used to show maths and physics at my native college, however two days in the past the Russian military took management of my city so I signed as much as combat,” Sasha, a civil defence volunteer wearing camouflage instructed Al Jazeera.

INTERACTIVE Russia-Ukraine map Who controls what in Ukraine DAY 6

Eating places have been donating meals. Pharmacies gave the medication they may spare for the volunteers to deal with the wounded.

“We’re right here to deal with emergencies, stopping bleeding for instance. We then take them to the hospital,” a volunteer instructed Al Jazeera.

Armed volunteers are able to be taken to positions across the metropolis, and extra women and men arrive, ready to enroll to combat.

“I don’t need my household killed. I received’t permit them to march on our land. They’re the occupiers and they need to be eradicated,” one man mentioned.

“If want be, I’ll combat; give me a weapon,” a girl mentioned, crying.

A bunch of locals, younger and outdated, stuffed glass bottles with petrol to make Molotov cocktails for individuals who need to combat however wouldn’t have a gun.

“I’ve a household; I can’t do the rest to assist them. We’re trustworthy and brilliant individuals, however the scenario is darkish proper now,” an aged man instructed Al Jazeera.

The primary spherical of talks between Kyiv and Moscow ended on Monday night with no settlement. Mykhailo Podolyak, a prime adviser to Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy mentioned the following assembly is predicted within the coming days.

On Monday, a Russian artillery assault in Okhtyrka, a metropolis between Kharkiv and the capital, Kyiv, killed at the least 70 Ukrainian troopers, in keeping with an area official.

Zelenskyy has known as for a no-fly zone to cease Russian bombardment, however the White Home mentioned the US will not be contemplating such a transfer.